Welcome once again to Keepin’ It Steezy, we hope you’ve been having yourselves a great Friday.
Over here at KIS we’ve been working on several attempts to bring the African youth to grips with their history and heritage prior being manipulated by foreign nations and this attempt is to remind the African continent of how great this land once was.
We have just arranged a series of facts that will enlighten one about the vast history that this land bares.
We’d like to begin with the legend of Queen Nzinga of Matamba.
A queen who dates as far back as the mid 17th century, in what is modern day Angola, this queen helped fight Portuguese conquest of the Kingdom of Ndongo which her father was king. The divided state of Ndongo and Kongo were brought back together and united by her strategic decisions and negotiations with the Portuguese governor at the time. She possessed great military intelligence, and was known to fight her wars with strategic thinking.
She died in 1663, well into her eighties, and is remembered as a fierce and persistent leader who is honored throughout Africa.
Up next we got Mapungubwe.
The ancient city of Mapungubwe (meaning ‘hill of the jackal’) is an Iron Age archaeological site in the Limpopo Province on the border between South Africa, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
A city with great historical significance to the people of Southern Africa, the civilization dates back to the 1200 AD. The famous Golden Rhino along with artefacts, glass beads and pottery was unearthed from Mapungubwe National Park and is evidence of the capabilities of the people of that time in both mining as well as art.
Victoria Falls is our next destination in our quest to rediscover Africa. 😃
Victoria Falls also known as “Mosi oa-Tunya” (“the smoke that thunders”) is positioned almost exactly half way along the mighty Zambezi River’s 2700 km journey from it’s source to the sea.
A great spectacle witnessed in the image above is know as the lunar rainbow which occurs at the Falls every year and is a site that most would love to see.
The lunar rainbow is best seen at times of high water (April to July) when there is sufficient spray to create the moonbow effect. This spectacle is best witnessed in the early hours after moonrise, before the moon rises too high to create a moonbow that is visible to the ground-based observer.
Another great site to consider is Timbuktu in present day Mali.
Timbuktu is a city in the West African nation of Mali situated 20 kilometers (12 miles) north of the River Niger on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert.
The rapid economic growth in the 13th and 14th centuries due to trade in salt, gold, ivory and other things, positioned the legendary city as one of the greatest academic and commercial centers in the world.
Under the Songhai empire, the city became a great Muslim educational center, with more than 180 Quranic schools and universities. By the end of Mansa Musa’s reign (early 14th century A.D.), the Sankoré mosque, also known as the University of Sankoré, was one of the first universities ever built in the world. A contemporary of Oxford and the Sorbonne, the level of learning at Timbuktu’s Sankoré University was superior to that of all other Islamic centers in the world. The three madrasahs — Djinguereber, Sidi Yahya and Sankore — facilitated 25,000 students, making it also the largest university in the world at the time.
Our last historical site for this feature is Axum
The Kingdom of Aksum was one of the greatest empires to ever exist in Africa. Lasting from around 100 AD to 940 AD, it spanned a large portion of east Africa and beyond, including modern-day Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Sudan. There are few remnants left today, though the name of the modern-day city of Aksum (Axum), Ethiopia serves as a reminder of a kingdom that was once connected to early Christianity, the Queen of Sheba, famous obelisks, and ancient India.
Unlike their northern neighbors of Egypt, Aksum did not build pyramids. Instead, Aksum is famous for building tall towers called stelae. The tallest of these towers was nearly 100 feet high. The towers were elaborately carved with inscriptions, stone doors, and fake windows. The most famous of these towers is the Obelisk of Axum which was taken by Italian soldiers upon conquering Ethiopia in 1937. The tower was later returned in pieces and reconstructed in 2008.
There you have it. Thank you for joining us this Friday, we hope our article has brought to you a clearer understanding that African history dates back far earlier than the Partition and the Invasion of Africa.
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